"A review of a clearly formulated question that uses systematic and explicit methods to identify, select, and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect and analyse data from the studies that are included in the review. Statistical methods (meta-analysis) may or may not be used to analyse and summarise the results of the included studies."
"Systematic reviews identify, select, assess, and synthesize the findings of similar but separate studies. They can help clarify what is known and not known about the potential benefits and harms of drugs, devices, and other healthcare services. But the quality of systematic reviews varies; often the scientific rigor of the collected literature is not scrutinized or there are errors in data extraction and meta-analysis."
A Systematic Review - the right choice for you?
Grant, M. J., & Booth, A. (2009). A typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. Health Information & Libraries Journal, 26(2), 91-108.
Use the flowchart below to explore several types of research literature reviews, including typical processes and timeframes associated with each.
Ginny Pannabecker, Health, Life Sciences, and Scholarly Communication Librarian, email@example.com
Kiri DeBose, College Librarian for Natural Resources & Environment and Animal Sciences, firstname.lastname@example.org
Inga Haugen, Agriculture, Life Sciences, and Scholarly Communication Librarian, email@example.com