The following is copied from the Journal of Biological Chemistry page on preparing article manuscripts for submission: https://www.jbc.org/
The example formats provided below should be followed.
References should be cited by number only and in order of appearance.
DOIs should be added for any articles that do not have designated volume and page numbers (such as JBC's Papers in Press; see example 3).
Previously deposited/published datasets should be provided as a reference along with the article describing the dataset. The data citation should be formatted using the general format (see example 5): [dataset] Creator(s)/Author(s). (Publication Year) Title. Repository. Version (if applicable), Global Persistent Identifier.
Preprints may be cited in the reference list of the article (see example 6).
All references should be included in this section. If any references are cited in the Supporting Information, they should be included in the References of the main text and cited in the Supporting Information section at the end of the article. The numbering of the citations in the Supporting Information should start after the last reference in the main text.
Mukherjee, A. K., Sharma, S., Bagri, S., Kutum, R., Kumar, P., Hussain, A., Singh, P., Saha, D., Kar, A., Dash, D., and Chowdhury, S. (2019) Telomere repeat-binding factor 2 binds extensively to extra-telomeric G-quadruplexes and regulates the epigenetic status of several gene promoters. J. Biol. Chem. 294, 17709-17722
Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E. F., and Maniatis, T. (1989) Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, 2nd Ed., Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY
Ramachandran, A., Summerville, L., Learn, B. A., DeBell, L., and Bailey, S. (December 30, 2019) Processing and integration of functionally oriented prespacers in the E. coli CRISPR system depends on bacterial host exonucleases. J. Biol. Chem. 10.1074/jbc.RA119.012196
Farrell, C. (1992) The Role of SecB During Protein Export in Escherichia coli. Ph.D. thesis, The Johns Hopkins University
[dataset] Archer, C. R., Enslow, B. T., Taylor, A. B., De la Rosa, V., Bhattacharya, A., Shapiro, M. S. (2019) Crystal structure of the Ca2+/CaM complex with independent peptides of Kv7.4 (KCNQ4) A & B domains. Protein Data Bank. 6N5W.
[preprint] Chen, J. J., Nathaniel, D. L., Raghavan, P., Nelson, M., Tian, R., Tse, E., Hong, J. Y., See, S. K., Mok, S. A., Southworth, D. R., Grinberg, L. T., Gestwicki, J. E., Leonetti, M. D., Kampmann, M. (2019) Compromised function of an ESCRT complex promotes endolysosomal escape of tau seeds and propagation of tau aggregation. bioRxiv. 10.1101/637785
For many class assignments, you need to be able to both understand how to read citations and create citations. You'll usually be creating citations according to a major citation style, such as APA, MLA, or another -- see the information at the left for how to do this.
However, as you read through sources and try to use their references or bibliographies in order to find additional articles, you'll be coming across a lot of different citation styles. Citation styles, while they may look different, all contain the same basic information, as demonstrated in the diagram of a journal article citation below:
If you're looking for a journal article described in a particular citation, you can use its citation information to search for the full text. See the box below for more information about this!
When you have a citation for an article that you're trying to find, there are a couple of different ways you can try to track down the article.
1. Use the Library Search via the library home page. This search can link you directly to articles. Simply type in the full title of the article (such as: "W.G. Sebald: The Pleasure and Pain of Beauty"). If we have access to the article, the search results will link you to it.Tip: If you get too many results that don't look like the right one, such as when searching for an article with a very general title, try adding the author's last name to the search with AND between the author name and the title (such as: Duttlinger AND "W.G. Sebald: The Pleasure and Pain of Beauty")
2. Contact your librarian!
APA, or the American Psychological Association, uses one of the most well-known citation styles. Detailed information about using this style is available in the APA Style Guide (shown below), but you can also find information on the web about using the APA style:
MLA, or the Modern Language Association, provides another well-known citation style, used frequently within the Liberal Arts and Humanities. Detailed information is available in the MLA style guide, whose call number and library location is listed on the VT Libraries MLA webpage below, but you can also find information online about using MLA style:
Even more citation styles - the VT Libraries Citation and Style Manuals page provides descriptions of many more frequently used styles, each of which also link to resources for using the style:
As you go through your degree and work on complex projects, help develop article submissions, or write your own, consider using a Citation Manager tool (like EndNote, Mendeley, or Zotero).
This guide on citations and citation managers can help you get started and provide support for citation manager questions!