Systematic Reviews & Meta-analyses: Templates

Guidance on conducting systematic reviews and meta-analyses.

Table of Contents


Getting Started

Developing Targeted Question

Guidelines & Protocols


Data Extraction

Critical Appraisal

Data Synthesis

Presenting Results

Archiving and Updating



All Resources

Consultation Services

Developing a Targeted Question using the PICO(T) Format

Worksheet for Developing PICO(T) Questions from the AAACN (American Academy of Ambulatory Care Nursing); permission granted on the PDF file for educational and research uses of the template.

  • First, examine your topic to identify the major concepts you need to conduct the best searches.  Some useful ways to do this include thinking of who, what, where, when, why, and how, regarding your topic of interest. 

  • To arrive at a more or using the PICO(T) method: Population/Problem, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome/s, (Time frame). 

Document Your Systematic Literature Review - research question, criteria, info sources, search keywords, searches

Systematic Literature Review Templates for documenting your question, criteria, information sources, search strategy, and searches: