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Research in a nutshell - NNPS: Citations

Citation examples

Although the following citations are APA citation style and may not look like the format you will use for your discipline or assignment, the information will be the same.

Book citation

book citation

Book citations will have author, title, date of publication and place of publication and the publisher.

Article citation

article citation

An article citation will contain the article title, author and date of publication. It will also contain the journal title and the date, volume, issue and pages.

Book chapter citation

book chapter citation

There is an easy way to tell the difference between an essay or book chapter and a journal article. A book chapter or essay will have the publisher and the place of publication listed. A journal article will not have a place of publication but will have the volume, issue and page numbers listed. An essay or chapter in a book will list the title along with the chapter author and page numbers, plus the book title and the authors or editors of the book.

Article with DOI

article with DOI citation

A digital object identifier (DOI) is a unique code assigned to articles to identify them (think of a fingerprint) and provide a permanent link to their location on the internet. Publishers assign the DOI codes when articles are published. In APA format, when a DOI code is available, you must include it as part of the citation. The DOI code is generally listed on the first page of the article. If you have a DOI code and want to find the article it is assigned to, there are a few ways to get to that article. Often DOIs are hyperlinked, so you can simply click them to get to the article. Otherwise, use the search tool linked on the library's home page under the Search menu. (Note: if you are off-campus, you will want to make sure you have logged into the Off-Campus Sign In.

Research Log

While tools like citation managers can help you effectively organize research, being able to organize the process of research is even more helpful!  The research template linked below is one that is often recommended for students working on their theses and dissertations, as they try to track the progress of their literature searching.  

Why Cite?

Aside from avoiding plagiarism, why should you cite?  What's important about creating good citations, especially in the academic world?  Watch the video below for more information.  Thanks to our friends at Kimbel Library at Coastal Carolina University for producing such fantastic videos!